Image registration

Image registration is the process of transforming different sets of data into one coordinate system. Registration is necessary in order to be able to compare or integrate the data obtained from different sensors/imaging modalities, at different times, from different view points, etc. . Registration can be based on correspondence established between the landmarks or feature points. Alternatively, some similarity/distance metric is established between the image intensity maps to navigate the registration process.

Image alignment



ModularImageAnalysis (MIA) is an ImageJ plugin which provides a modular framework for assembling image and object analysis workflows. Detected objects can be transformed, filtered, measured and related. Analysis workflows are batch-enabled by default, allowing easy processing of high-content datasets.

MIA is designed for “out-of-the-box” compatibility with spatially-calibrated 5D images, yielding measurements in both pixel and physical units.  Functionality can be extended both internally, via integration with SciJava’s scripting interface, and externally, with Java modules that extend the MIA framework. Both have full access to all objects and images in the analysis workspace.

Workflows are, by default, compatible with batch processing multiple files within a single folder. Thanks to Bio-Formats, MIA has native support for multi-series image formats such as Leica .lif and Nikon .nd2.

Workflows can be automated from initial image loading through processing, object detection, measurement extraction, visualisation, and data exporting. MIA includes near 200 modules integrated with key ImageJ plugins such as Bio-Formats, TrackMate and Weka Trainable Segmentation.

Module(s) can be turned on/off dynamically in response to factors such as availability of images and objects, user inputs and measurement-based filters. Switches can also be added to “processing view” for easy workflow control.

MIA is developed in the Wolfson Bioimaging Facility at the University of Bristol.


ClearMap is a toolbox for the analysis and registration of volumetric data from cleared tissues.

It was initially developed to map brain activity at cellular resolution in whole mouse brains using immediate early gene expression. It has since then been extended as a tool for the qunatification of whole mouse brain vascualtur networks at capilary resolution.

It is composed of sevral specialized modules or scripts: tubemap, cellmap, WobblyStitcher.

ClearMap has been designed to analyze O(TB) 3d datasets obtained via light sheet microscopy from iDISCO+ cleared tissue samples immunolabeled for proteins. The ClearMap tools may also be useful for data obtained with other types of microscopes, types of markers, clearing techniques, as well as other species, organs, or samples.

ClearMap SCreenshot

This Fiji plugin is a python script for CLEM registration using deep learning, but it could be applied in principle to other modalities. The pretrained model was learned on chromatin SEM images and fluorescent staining, but a script is also provided to train an new model, based on CSBDeep. The registration is then performed as a feature based registration, using register virtual stack plugin (which extract features and then perform RANSAc. Editing the script in python gives access to more option (such as the transformation model to be used, similarity by default. Images need to be prepared such that they contain only one channel, but channel of ineterst (to be transformed with the same transformation) can be given as input, and Transform Virtual Stack plugin can be used as well.

F1000R Figure 1 DeepCLEM

QuantiFish is a quantification program intended for measuring fluorescence in images of zebrafish, although use with images of other specimens is possible. This package is geared towards analysis of fluorescent infection models. The software is designed to automate processing of images of single fish, and outputs results as a .csv file. Alongside measures of total fluorescence above a threshold, this package also introduces several measures for dissemination and distribution of fluorescence throughout the specimen.

QuantiFish User Interface

Epina ImageLab is a Microsoft Windows-based multisensor imaging tool for processing and analyzing hyperspectral images. It is a modular system consisting of a basic engine, a graphical user interface, a chemometrics toolbox and optional user-supplied modules. It supports the most important spectroscopic imaging techniques, such as UV/Vis, infrared, Raman, THz, optical emission/absorption, and mass spectrometry. On top of that Epina ImageLab enables the user to merge hyperspectral images with maps of physical properties and conventional high-resolution color photos. 

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