bleb dynamics

Description

The purpose of the workflow is ....

First you need

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NET - Network Extraction Tool

Description

The ultimate goal of the NET framework is to make images of networks processable by computers. Therefore we want to have a pixel based image as input, as output we want a representation of the network visible in the image that retains as much information about the original network as possible. NET achives this by first segmenting the image and then vectorizing the network and then extracting information. The information we extract is

  • First and foremost the graph of the network. We find the crossings (nodes) and connections between crossings (edges) and therefore extract information about the neighborhood relations, the topology of the network.
  • We also extract the coordinates of all nodes which enables us to embed them into space. We therefore extract information about the geometry of the network.
  • Last but not least we track the radii of the edges in the extraction process. Therefore every edge has a radius which can be identified with its conductivity.

In the following we will first provide detailed instructions on how to install NET on several platforms. Then we describe the functionality and options of each of the four scripts that make up the NET framework.

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NeuronMetrics

Description

The invention comprises a software tool, NeuronMetrics, which functions as a set of modules that run in the open-source program ImageJ. NeuronMetrics features a novel method for estimating neural “branch number” (a measure of the axonal complexity) from two-dimensional images. In addition, the tool features a novel method for modeling neural structure in large “gaps” that result from image artifacts.

 

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Kappa

Description

Kappa is a Fiji plugin for Curvature Analysis.

It allows a user to measure curvature in images in a convenient way. You can trace an initial shape with a B-Spline curve in just a few clicks and then fit that curve to image data with a minimization algorithm. It’s fast and robust.

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Kappa user interface

wnd-charm

Description

WND-CHARM is a multi-purpose image classifier that can be applied to a wide variety of image classification tasks without modifications or fine-tuning, and yet provides classification accuracy comparable to state-of-the-art task-specific image classifiers. WND-CHARM can extract up to ~3,000 generic image descriptors (features) including polynomial decompositions, high contrast features, pixel statistics, and textures. These features are derived from the raw image, transforms of the image, and compound transforms of the image (transforms of transforms). The features are filtered and weighted depending on their effectiveness in discriminating between a set of predefined image classes (the training set). These features are then used to classify test images based on their similarity to the training classes. This classifier was tested on a wide variety of imaging problems including biological and medical image classification using several imaging modalities, face recognition, and other pattern recognition tasks. WND-CHARM is an acronym that stands for "Weighted Neighbor Distance using Compound Hierarchy of Algorithms Representing Morphology."

Generated features

QuimP

Description

Summary

QuimP is software for tracking cellular shape changes and dynamic distributions of fluorescent reporters at the cell membrane. QuimP's unique selling point is the possibility to aggregate data from many cells in form of spatio-temporal maps of dynamic events, independently of cell size and shape. QuimP has been successfully applied to address a wide range of problems related to cell movement in many different cell types. 

Introduction

In transmembrane signalling the cell membrane plays a fundamental role in localising intracellular signalling components to specific sites of action, for example to reorganise the actomyosin cortex during cell polarisation and locomotion. The localisation of different components can be directly or indirectly visualised using fluorescence microscopy, for high-throughput screening commonly in 2D. A quantitative understanding demands segmentation and tracking of whole cells and fluorescence signals associated with the moving cell boundary, for example those associated with actin polymerisation at the cell front of locomoting cells. As regards segmentation, a wide range of methods can be used (threshold based, region growing, active contours or level sets) to obtain closed cell contours, which then are used to sample fluorescence adjacent to the cell edge in a straightforward manner. The most critical step however is cell edge tracking, which links points on contours at time t to corresponding points at t+1. Optical flow methods have been employed, but usually fail to meet the requirement that total fluorescence must not change. QuimP uses a method (ECMM, electrostatic contour migration method (Tyson et al., 2010) which has been shown to outperform traditional level set methods. ECMM minimises the sum of path lengths connecting all pairs of points, equivalent to minimising the energy required for cell deformation. The original segmentation based on an active contour method and outline tracking algorithms have been described in (Dormann et al., 2002; Tyson et al., 2010; Tyson et al., 2014).

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MorphoLibJ

Description

MorphoLibJ is a library of plugin for ImageJ with functionalities for image processing such as filtering, reconstructing, segmenting, etc... Tools are based on Mathematical morphology with more rigorous mathematical approach than in the standard tools of ImageJ in particular for surface (or perimeter) measurements which are usually based on voxel counting.  

http://imagej.net/MorphoLibJ#Measurements

Programming language: JAVA

Among features:

* Morphological operations :  Dilation, Erosion, Opening,  Closing , Top hat (white and black), Morphological gradient (aka Beucher Gradient), Morphological Laplacian, Morphological reconstruction, Maxima/Minima , Extended Maxima/Minima -Watershed (classic or controlled) -Image overlay -Image labelling -Geodesic diameter -Region Adjacency Graph -Granulometry curves, morphological image analysis.

User skill : Life scientist, developers, analysts

several steps of morphological segmentation of plant tissue using MorphoLibJ.

Phenoripper

Description

An easy to use, image analysis software package that enables rapid exploration and interpretation of microscopy data.

PhenoBrowser

Mahotas

Description

This library gives the numpy-based infrastructure functions for image processing with a focus on bioimage informatics. It provides image filtering and morphological processing as well as feature computation (both image-level features such as Haralick texture features and SURF local features). These can be used with other Python-based libraries for machine learning to build a complete analysis pipeline.

Mahotas is appropriate for users comfortable with programming or builders of end-user tools.

==== Strengths

The major strengths are in speed and quality of documentation. Almost all of the functionality is implemented in for multiple dimensions. It can be used with other Python packages which provide additional functionality.

Mahotas and all packages on which it relies are open-source.

3D Objects Counter

Description
  • Counts the number of 3D objects in a stack.
  • quantifies for each found object the following parameters:
    • 3D intensity related measurement (with possible redirection to an image with the actual intensity value to be measured, for example for two channels measurements)
    • Volume and shape factors measurements, surface etc...
  • generates results representations such as:
    • Objects' map;
    • Surface voxels' map;
    • Centroids' map;
    • Centres of masses' map.

As ImageJ's “Analyze Particles” function, 3D-OC also has a “redirect to” option, allowing one image to be taken as a mask to quantify intensity related parameters on a second image. But unlike the Analyze particle, it include a thresholding option, meaning that you can start from a gray level  stack, not necessarily a binary mask.

To use it, first set the list of measurements by editing 3D OC Options. Both (3D Object counter and 3D OC Options are now in the default Fiji "Analyze" menu.

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