Relation with Edge detection...

Edge enhancement
Steerable fliter
Matching filter

Filament Tracing Tubeness (ImageJ)


Blood vessels tracing in 3D image from Tubeness filtering (user defined scale), 3D opening (radius set to 2), thresholding (user defined level) and 3D skeletonization.

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ImageJ Bandpass filter


The Fourier transform of an image produces a representation in frequency space: i.e. separated according to spatial frequency (effectively scale). The 2D amplitude map of the different spatial frequencies is symmetrical, and is commonly displayed with low spatial frequencies (large features) in the centre, highest spatial frequencies (small features) at the edges. Fourier filtering involves suppressing or enhancing features in the Fourier domain before carrying out an inverse Fourier transform to obtain a filtered real-space image. ImageJ's _Process > FFT > Bandpass Filter_ implements two common Fourier-filtering functions: 1. filtering for specific sizes of feature in an image by selecting minimum and maximum feature sizes (selecting a radial band of frequencies in Fourier space); 2. filtering out repetitive horizontal or vertical stripes by cutting out a zero-frequency stripe in the orthogonal direction in frequency space. The example image above shows the effect of filtering for 2 feature size ranges: 0-8 pixels, and 8-256 pixels; where the former appears "flattened" or washed-out, and the latter very blurred. The small images displayed to the lower-right of each filtered image correspond to the mask applied to the Fourier transform. Such filtering can be useful prior to global thresholding, for noise suppression, etc.

ImageJ bandpass screenshot

ICY Anisotropic Filter


Anisotropic filter implements the classical Coherence Enhancing Diffusion Filter [Weickert]. The plugins works on the first band of a 2D, 3D and 4D sequence. 2D and 3D algorithms are proposed. For the 3D case 2 options are available: CED 1D option is the classical filter that acts mainly on the most homogeneous structure direction; CED 2D option acts on the tangential plane of the structure.

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The aim of this plugin is to characterise the orientation and isotropy properties of a region of interest (ROI) in an image, based on the evaluation of the gradient structure tensor in a local neighborhood. 

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