The freely available software module below is a 3D LoG filter. It applies a LoG (Laplacian of Gaussian or Mexican Hat) filter to a 2D image or to 3D volume. Here, we have a fast implementation. It is a perfect tool to enhance spots, like spherical particles, in noisy images. This module is easy to tune, only by selecting the standard deviations in X, Y and Z directions.

IJ Macro command example

run("LoG 3D", "sigmax=1 sigmay=1 sigmaz=13 displaykernel=0 volume=1");


HyphaTracker Workflow

HyphaTracker propose a workflow for time-resolved analysis of conidia germination. Each part of this workflow can also be used independnatly , as a toolbox. It has been tested on bright-field microscopic images of conidial germination. Its purpose is mainly to identify the germlings and to remove crossing hyphae, and measure the dynamics of their growth.


Gaussian blur in ImageJ

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"The plugin analyzes fluorescence microscopy images of neurites and nuclei of dissociated cultured neurons. Given user-defined thresholds, the plugin counts neuronal nuclei, and traces and measures neurite length."[...]" NeuriteTracer is a fast simple-to-use ImageJ plugin for the analysis of outgrowth in two-dimensional fluorescence microscopy images of neuronal cultures. The plugin performed well on images from three different types of neurons with distinct morphologies."

This plugin requires parameter setting: Threshold levels and scale (see more details on the related publication)



The rapidSTORM project is an open source evaluation tool that provides fast and highly configurable data processing for single-molecule localization microscopy such as dSTORM. It provides both two-dimensional and three-dimensional, multi-color data analysis as well as a wide range of filtering and image generation capabilities. The general operation of rapidSTORM is described in Wolter et al (2012).

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ICY Median filter via ImageJ


This protocol perform a median filter on the active sequence using the ImageJ rank filter plugin. Then, it converts the result back into Icy for display.

An example showing passing data between ICY and ImageJ using ImagePlus object. 

SPIM de-striper


This macro implements a filter that is meant to attenuate close to parallel intensity stripes in an image, such as often happening in light sheet microscopy. The results are usually decent even when the stripes show a large angular spread due to light sheet refraction at the sample surface. The filter can process a 3D stack but the processing is performed slice by slice.

Example image is available in the documentation link. 

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This library gives the numpy-based infrastructure functions for image processing with a focus on bioimage informatics. It provides image filtering and morphological processing as well as feature computation (both image-level features such as Haralick texture features and SURF local features). These can be used with other Python-based libraries for machine learning to build a complete analysis pipeline.

Mahotas is appropriate for users comfortable with programming or builders of end-user tools.

==== Strengths

The major strengths are in speed and quality of documentation. Almost all of the functionality is implemented in for multiple dimensions. It can be used with other Python packages which provide additional functionality.

Mahotas and all packages on which it relies are open-source.

BEEPS (Bi-Exponential Edge-Preserving Smoother)


The smoothing is applied by the way of a bi-exponential filter, itself realized by a pair of one-tap recursions. It is therefore very fast; moreover, its computational cost is truly independent of the amount of smoothing. Meanwhile, the preservation of edges is obtained by a range filter akin to the range filter found in a bilateral filter. More technical details are available here.

The plugin allows one to control the amount of smoothing, the type of range filter, its broadness, and to iterate the filter several times if desired. We illustrate in Figure 2 a possible outcome of this filter. Here, we iterated the BEEPS 10 times with a Gaussian range filter, σ = 10, and the spatial decay λ = 0.1.

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